SEEING THE SHAPES : Basically the visual art is matter of seeing. So an artist has to see very well the object to be drawn or painted. The shapes, yes, the shapes of the objects are of much importance. Once you identify the shape of an object well, you can think about its lining that would recreate the shape on paper or canvas. You can start drawing after getting exact idea of shapes.
THE LIGHT EFFECT : The intensity of light falling on an object indicates the areas of your operation. The light decides where to move your pencil or brush. Lighted area would take the lighter colours and the spaces getting lesser light would be darker. That is called the ‘value’ in the language of art. A good drawing would have the full range of the values, meaning all types of shades should be depicted as per their values.
Control and Consistency : Consistency is the maintaining of a particular style of drawing or painting. If you can do it, your artwork would be like your signature. People would see an artwork and they would recognize it immediately as yours. So to keep working on your own style is crucially important in the world of art. Moreover, if you have good control over the pencil, you can draw precise lining and shading. The structure of the objects drawn and their relative size would render an artwork aesthetically beautiful. At later stage, it would help in exploiting the fullest value of colours and creating rich textures.
No room for Deviation : This applies to the portrait drawing. When you are working under a commission and are required to draw or paint the portrait of a person, a slight variation would ruin your entire work. A slightly bigger eye or a lip thicker than the original one could displease the person being portrayed. In portrait drawing, there is room for artistic imagination, but you will have to honour the reality, too.
Get Together All the Helps : An artist uses various resources while doing his or her pencil drawing or a painting. You can use your sketchbook or the photographs of the object or the scene to be drawn. Instructions available in art books and on videos would be a great help for the beginners. Finally, if you can spare regular hours of time, thinking about to attend a painting or drawing course would be a great idea.
Before going on the actual drawing work you would have to get the materials for it. Pencils of HB and B type in all the number would be your ready help and need, too. But you would require deciding about the paper wisely. The paper makes or breaks your pencil drawing.
When you feel yourself going out of subjects, just look around you and feel free to draw anything you can see in the immediate vicinity. You can see a washer woman, a newspaper boy, your neighbouring lady or your spouse; if you are habituated to draw the figures. And still if you fail, just sit in front of the big mirror in your bedroom. Start drawing yourself. The self-portrait is an art of exploring the self. Almost all the great artists have tried their self-portraits.
Here in this pencil drawing, the artist Ephameron has made a very sensitive exploration of her own face. She has tried capturing everything that we can observe from a face: the apparent feelings, the thoughtful appearance and the lively features of the face. In this self portrait the artists has put additional figures of houses drawn with the portrait. If you are a beginner, then this pencil drawing can be taken as one of the best examples of learning line drawing.
Whenever I feel drawing a portrait, I take a printout of one of my friends and take the help of regular weaponry: the 3B and 4B pencil, eraser, and a bunch of A4 papers. You can try it drawing your self-portrait. Only you have to spare an hour and a room with the doors shut. Try it today.